Wednesday, October 11, 2006
I read all the juvenile non-fiction biographies of him today, and noticed fascinating differences over time. Early biographies from the 50s and 60s simplified his early life. Later ones complicate it more and more. It's not made complicated according to the intended age of the reader. In fact the most recent biographies outline all sorts of complexities; his mom's poverty, his mom and dad's breakup and attempt to get back together, his living with his grandmother; his stepdad and stepbrother, the failure of his mom's second marriage, etc. etc. Even how later in life his mom reproached him for not sending her enough money... but he still loved her and sent her as much as he could.
In the Alice Walker bio from the 1970s - aimed at elementary school kids - the n word is used liberally and there are detailed descriptions of racism... and a description of his dad's racism against Mexican native americans... While later bios from the 90s mention racism, but gloss over it, and leave out n***** and avoid mention of Hughes' poems that use the word, like Mulatto - unlike the earlier more hard-hitting bios and anthologies.
You don't get that kind of overview of the changing ways that history sees and frames a person, or their writing, and their political meanings, from reading one (the most recent) biography. I thought this "junior biography journey" was pretty interesting! Especially for Hughes, who wrote so many books for children himself, including biographies.
And I should have taken better notes - in fact I'll try to go back to the library and write up the 5 or 6 biographies that I read, with citations.